Manuscript Preparation

1. Format of Initial or Intermediate Contributions

The main document with the manuscript text and tables should be prepared with in an Han-Geul Word or PDF format in Korean. The manuscript should be written in 9.2-point font with double line spacing on A4 sized (21.0 × 29.7 cm) paper with 3.85 cm margins on the top, and bottom, right, and left margins 3.0cm. The Standard order of section in the manuscript file is: title page, abstract, introduction, system model and methods, results, discussion, acknowledgments, references, figure legends, and table legends. Validations to this format may be allowed. Number all manuscript pages starting with the title page as page 1.

2. Title Page

The Title page should include a full title, running title (no more than 40 characters in length) of the article and authors’ information. The Title should be as concise as possible but informative enough to facilitate information retrieval, but not use the acronym words. Authors' information should contain the names, affiliations, should be provided. For a multicenter study, indicate each individual’s affiliation using a superscript Arabic number (1,2,3...).

A ‘corresponding author’ for reprints should be indicated, and full contact information (including address, e-mail) should be provided. Any financial disclosure or support (grant number, institution, location, and acknowledgement) and presentation history (name of the meeting and date) at a meeting should be included if relevant.

3. Abstract & Index Terms (Keywords)

The Abstract should be self-contained (contain no footnotes). It should concisely state what was done, how it was done, principal results, and their significance. It should be from 130 to 160 words for all forms of publication. The abstract should be written as one paragraph and should not contain displayed mathematical equations, tabular material, or numbered references. At the end of abstract, Index Terms should be given in 4 or 5 keywords and separated by commas such as Maritime, Information, Communication, Science, etc.

4. Text

The text is recommended to be arranged in this order, if possible:

• Introduction

The purpose and the background should be written simply and lucidly.

• System Model and Methods

The methodology should be written precisely so that others may use some or all of the methods in another study or judge the scientific merit of your work.

• Result

A detailed description of the study results should be objectively presented, in an orderly and logical sequence using both text and illustrative materials (Tables and Figures).

• Discussion and Conclusions

Author’s interpretation of the results, author’s opinion and process of inducing conclusion should be written simply.

1) Text Section Heading

There are four levels of section headings with established specifications: primary; secondary; tertiary; and quaternary heads. Enumeration of section heads is required. The section headings are as follows:


Primary headings are enumerated by Roman numerals and centered above the text.

1.1 Secondary Heading

Secondary headings are enumerated by Arabic numerals followed by periods.

1.1.1 Tertiary Heading: Tertiary headings are identical to secondary headings

1) Quaternary heading: Quaternary headings are enumerated by Arabic numerals followed by parentheses.

2) References in Text

References should be obviously related to documents. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Each reference should be cited as [1, 4, 7], or [6-9]; Kim [3] and Jang and Lee [5] ; Park et al. [6] .

3) Text Equations

The Equations should be punctuated and aligned to bring out their structure and numbered on the right. Mathematical operation signs indicating continuity of the expression should be placed at the left of the second and succeeding lines. Use x rather than a centered dot, except for scalar products of vectors. The solidus (/) should be used instead of built-up fractions in running text, and in display wherever clarity would not be jeopardized. Use "exp" for complicated exponents. Furthermore, the Notation must be legible, clear, compact, and consistent with standard usage. All unusual symbols whose identity may not be obvious must be identified the first time they appear, and at all subsequent times when confusion might arise. Superscripts are normally set directly over subscripts; authors should note where readability or the meaning requires a special order.

In the text, numbers should be Arabic numerals, except when beginning a sentence. Numbers greater than 999 should have commas, e.g., 13,970. The 24-hour system is used to indicate time, e.g., 18:00 hr. If you are using Word for Math, use either the Microsoft Equation Editor or the MathType add-on ( for equations in your paper. “Float over text” should not be selected.

4) Units and Abbreviations

Units of measure should be presented according to the International System (SI) of Units. English units may be used as secondary units (in parentheses). An exception is when English units are used as identifiers in trade, such as “3½ in disk drive.” All units must be preceded by one space except percentage (%) and temperature (°C).

The SI unit for magnetic field strength H is A/m. However, if you wish to use units of T, either refers to magnetic flux density B or magnetic field strength symbolized as μ0H. Use the center dot to separate compound units, e.g., “A  m2.”

Abbreviations must be used as an aid to the reader, rather than as a convenience of the author, and therefore their use should be limited. Generally, avoid abbreviations that are used less than 3 times in the text, including tables and figure legends. Acronyms and abbreviations should be defined the first time they are used in text. Other common abbreviations are as follows (the same abbreviations are used for plural forms): hr (hour), sec (second), min (minute), day (not abbreviated), wk (week), mo (month), yr (year), L (liter), mL (milliliter), μL (microliter), g (gram), kg (kilogram), mg (milligram), μg (microgram), ng (nanogram), pg (picogram), g (gravity; not g), nm (nanometer), μm (micrometer), mV(milivoltage), mA (miliampere), mW (miliwatt), C (coulomb), μF (microparad), mH (milihenry), n (sample size), SD (standard deviation of the mean), and SE (standard error of the mean).

5) Table

Each Table should be numbered with Roman numerals in the order of their appearance in the text. Tables should have a concise and informative title with the table content between horizontal lines. Vertical lines are not used. The structure should be clear, with simple column headings giving all units. A table should not exceed one page when printed. Use lower case letters in superscripts a), b), c) ... for special remarks. Unaltered computer output and notation are generally unacceptable.

Symbol Quantity Conversion from Gaussian and CGS EMUto SIa
Φ magnetic flux 1Mx → 10-8 Wb = 10-8 V·s
B magnetic flux density, magnetic induction 1 G → 10-4 T = 10-4 Wb/m2
H magnetic field strength 1 Oe → 103/(4p) A/m
m magnetic moment 1 erg/G= 1 emu®10-3 A·m2 = 10-3 J/T
M magneticzation 1 erg/(G·cm3) = 1 emu/cm3 ®103 A/m
M magneticzation 1 G → 103/(4p) A/m
σ specificmagnetization 1 erg/(G·g) = 1 emu/g → 1 A·m2/kg

6) Figures

Figures are numbered consecutively in the sequence mentioned in the text and must have a caption written in one paragraph style. The caption should contain an explanation of all abbreviations and symbols used, and indicate the size value of lines or bars unless shown directly on the figure. The Figure number should be placed at the lower-left corner of each figure, and the numbering order must be from left to right, and from upper to lower. Citations of figures in the text or parentheses are abbreviated, e.g., Fig. 1, Figs. 1 and 2, Figs. 1-3, (Fig. 1), (Figs. 1 and 2), (Figs. 1-3). When the text refers to both figures and tables, they should be mentioned in parentheses, e.g., (Table 1; Fig. 2) and (Tables 1-3; Figs. 4-6)

7) Miscellaneous Advice

Use one space after periods and colons. Hyphenate complex modifiers: “zero-field-cooled magnetization.” Avoid dangling participles, such as, “Using (1), the potential was calculated.” [Did the potential use (1)?] Write instead, “The potential was calculated by using (1),” or “Using (1), we calculated the potential.”

Use a zero before decimal points: “0.25,” not “.25.” Use “cm3,” not “cc.” Indicate sample dimensions as “0.1 cm × 0.2 cm,” not “0.1 × 0.2 cm2.” Do not mix complete spellings and abbreviations of units: use “b/s” or “bits per second,” not “bits/s.” When expressing a range of values, write “7 to 9,” not “7-9” or “7~9,” except for references [1-3].

A parenthetical statement at the end of a sentence is punctuated outside of the closing parenthesis (like this). (A parenthetical sentence is punctuated within the parentheses.) In American English, periods and commas are within quotation marks, like “this period.” Other punctuation is “outside”!

Stylists prefer that you write in the first person and use the active voice (“I observed that …” or “We observed that …” rather than “It was observed that….”). If your native language is not English, please get a native English-speaking colleague to proofread your paper.

5. Acknowledgments

Persons or institutes who contributed to the papers but not enough to be coauthors may be introduced. Financial support, including foundations, institutions, pharmaceutical and device manufacturers, private companies, intramural departmental sources, or any other support should be described.

6. List of References

The list of references should only include works that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. The correct citation format for an article in JKIICE is followed as:

1) Journal Articles:

[1] E. H. Choi, H. S. Hwang, and C. S. Kim, “Electron spectroscopy studies on magneto-optical media and plastic substrate interfaces,” International Journal of Information and Communication Engineering, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 358-362, Aug. 2011.

2) Books & Book Chapters

[2] J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 4th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1993.

[3] J. L. Hennessy and D. A. Patterson, “Instruction-level parallelism and its exploitation,” in Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, 4th ed. San Francisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann Pub., ch. 2, pp. 66-153, 2007.

3) Conference Proceedings

[4] A. Hashmi, H. Berry, O. Temam, and M. Lipasti, “Automatic abstraction and fault tolerance in cortical microachitectures,” in Proceedings of the 38th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture, New York: NY, pp. 1-10, 2011.

4) Dissertations (Ph.D.) and Theses (M.S.)

[5] B. Alavi, “Distance measurement error modeling for time-of-arrival based indoor geolocation,” Ph. D. dissertation, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, 2006.

5) Technical Report

[6] Y. Z. Ben, D. K. John, and Anthony, “Tapestry: An infrastructure for fault-tolerant wide-area location and routing,” University of California, Berkeley: CA, Technical Report CSD-01-1141, 2001.

6) Online Source

[7] Malardalen Real-Time Research Center. The worst-case execution time (WCET) analysis project [Internet]. Available: /wcet/.

[8] H. Nowakowska, M. Jasinski, P. S. Debicki and J. Mizeraczyk. (2011, October). Numerical analysis and optimization of power coupling efficiency in waveguide-based microwave plasma source. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science [Online]. 39(10), pp. 1935-1942. Available: ?arnumber=6012536.

7) Patents

[9] J. L. Lee et al, GaAs Power Semiconductor Device Operating at a Low Voltage and Method for Fabricating the Same, US Patent 5,760,418, to ETRI, Patent and Trademark Office, Washington D.C., 1998.

8) Standards

[10] IEEE Std. 1394, IEEE Standard for a High Performance Serial Bus, IEEE, Piscataway, N.J., 1995.